Técnicas para el Análisis Espectral de Armónicos en Sistemas Eléctricos de Potencia

Antonio Emmanuel Saldaña González, Juan Luis Hernandez Mendez, Diego Aguilar Ventura, Marcial Heriberto Arroyo Avena

Resumen


En este artículo se realizó una investigación bibliográfica sobre las técnicas más utilizadas en sistemas eléctricos de distribución e industriales para el análisis espectral de armónicos. Se elaboró una tabla comparativa de las técnicas encontradas de más de 40 artículos científicos de la IEEE de acuerdo a sus ventajas, desventajas y campo de aplicación en sistemas eléctricos de potencia.

El resultado de ésta investigación muestra la viabilidad de aplicación de cada una de estas técnicas para el análisis de armónicos según el régimen de operación (Estacionario, No-Estacionario, Transitorio) de la señal analizada en cargas no-lineales.


Texto completo:

PDF XML

Referencias


V. Khadkikar, D. Xu y C. Cecati, "Emerging Power Quality Problems and State-of-the-Art Solutions", IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 761-763, Jan. 2017.

J. H. Kim, S. W. Lee, S. R. Lee, T. W. Lee y C. Y. Won, "Power quality control using the Goertzel algorithm for grid-connected system", INTELEC 2009 - 31st International Telecommunications Energy Conference, pp. 1-3, Incheon, 2009.

M. Aiello, A. Cataliotti y S. Nuccio, "A chirp-z transform-based synchronizer for power system measurements," IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 1025-1032, June 2005.

W. Xu, "Component Modeling Issues for Power Quality Assessment," IEEE Power Engineering Review, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 12-17, Nov. 2001.

Jurado, F. y Saenz, J. R, “Comparison between discrete STFT and wavelets for the analysis of power quality events”, Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 62, no.3, pp. 183-190, Nov. 2002.

A. M. Gaouda, M. M. A. Salama, M. R. Sultan y A. Y. Chikhani, "Power quality detection and classification using wavelet-multiresolution signal decomposition," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1469-1476, Oct 1999.

L. Angrisani, P. Daponte, M. D'Apuzzo y A. Testa, "A measurement method based on the wavelet transform for power quality analysis," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 990-998, Oct 1998.

A. A. Girgis, W. B. Chang y E. B. Makram, "A digital recursive measurement scheme for online tracking of power system harmonics," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 1153-1160, Jul 1991.

Haili Ma y A. A. Girgis, "Identification and tracking of harmonic sources in a power system using a Kalman filter", in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 1659-1665, Jul 1996.

QI, Li, et al, “Prony analysis for power system transient harmonics”, EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing, vol. 207, no 1, pp. 170-171, 2007.

J. C. H. Peng y N. K. C. Nair, "Adaptive sampling scheme for monitoring oscillations using Prony analysis," in IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 3, no. 12, pp. 1052-1060, December 2009.

Z. Chen y P. Urwin, "Power quality detection and classification using digital filters," IEEE Porto Power Tech Proceedings (Cat. No.01EX502), vol.1, pp. 6, Porto, 2001.

S. J. Huang, C. L. Huang y C. T. Hsieh, "Application of Gabor transform technique to supervise power system transient harmonics," in IEE Proceedings - Generation, Transmission and Distribution, vol. 143, no. 5, pp. 461-466, Sep 1996.

P. K. Dash, B. K. Panigrahi y G. Panda, "Power quality analysis using S-transform," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 406-411, April 2003.

S. H. Cho, G. Jang y S. H. Kwon, "Time-Frequency Analysis of Power-Quality Disturbances via the Gabor–Wigner Transform," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 494-499, Jan. 2010.

LIN, Tao y DOMIJAN, Alexander, “Real time measurement of power disturbances: Part 1. Survey and a novel complex filter approach,” in Electric power systems research, vol. 76, no 12, pp. 1027-1032, 2006.

A. R. Abdullah, A. Z. Sha'ameri y N. M. Saad, "Power quality analysis using spectrogram and gabor transformation," 2007 Asia-Pacific Conference on Applied Electromagnetics, pp. 1-5. Melaka, 2007.

J. Ren y M. Kezunovic, "Real-Time Power System Frequency and Phasors Estimation Using Recursive Wavelet Transform," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 1392-1402, July 2011.

P. K. Dash y M. V. Chilukuri, "Hybrid S-transform and Kalman filtering approach for detection and measurement of short duration disturbances in power networks," in IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 588-596, April 2004.

G. W. Chang, C. I. Chen, Y. J. Liu y M. C. Wu, "Measuring power system harmonics and interharmonics by an improved fast Fourier transform-based algorithm," in IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 193-201, March 2008.

K. K. C. Yu, N. R. Watson y J. Arrillaga, "An adaptive Kalman filter for dynamic harmonic state estimation and harmonic injection tracking," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 1577-1584, April 2005.

O. Poisson, P. Rioual y M. Meunier, "Detection and measurement of power quality disturbances using wavelet transform," 8th International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of Power. Proceedings (Cat. No.98EX227), pp. 1125-1130 vol.2, Athens, 1998.

S. Santoso, W. M. Grady, E. J. Powers, J. Lamoree y S. C. Bhatt, "Characterization of distribution power quality events with Fourier and wavelet transforms," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 247-254, Jan 2000.

I. W. C. Lee y P. K. Dash, "S-transform-based intelligent system for classification of power quality disturbance signals," in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 800-805, Aug. 2003.

S. Mishra, "Detection and classification of power quality disturbances using S-Transform and probabilistic neural network," 2009 IEEE/PES Power Systems Conference and Exposition, pp. 1-1, Seattle, WA, 2009.

Panigrahi, B. K., Dash, P. K. y Reddy, J. B. V. “Hybrid signal processing and machine intelligence techniques for detection, quantification and classification of power quality disturbances,” in Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, vol.12, no. 5, pp. 102-104, 2009.

Salem, M. E., Mohamed, A. y Samad, S. A. “Rule based system for power quality disturbance classification incorporating S-transform features”, in Expert Systems with Applications, vol.12, no.2, pp. 13-45, 2010.

A. Andreotti, A. Bracale, P. Caramia y G. Carpinelli, "Adaptive Prony Method for the Calculation of Power-Quality Indices in the Presence of Nonstationary Disturbance Waveforms," in IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 874-883, April 2009.

J. B. V. Reddy, P. K. Dash, R. Samantaray y A. K. Moharana, "Fast Tracking of Power Quality Disturbance Signals Using an Optimized Unscented Filter," in IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 58, no. 12, pp. 3943-3952, Dec. 2009.

Moravej, Z., Abdoos, A. A. y Pazoki, M. “Detection and classification of power quality disturbances using wavelet transform and support vector machines”, in Electric Power Components and Systems, vol. 13, no. 45, pp. 205-209, 2009.

V. K. Tiwari y S. K. Jain, "Hardware Implementation of Polyphase-Decomposition-Based Wavelet Filters for Power System Harmonics Estimation," in IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 65, no. 7, pp. 1585-1595, July 2016.

Goh, Z. P., Radzi, M. A. M., Von Thien, Y., Hizam, H. y Wahab, N. I. A. “Hybrid FFT-ADALINE algorithm with fast estimation of harmonics in power system,” in IET Signal Processing, vol. 10, no 8, pp. 855-864, 2016.

H. Wen, J. Zhang, Z. Meng, S. Guo, F. Li y Y. Yang, "Harmonic Estimation Using Symmetrical Interpolation FFT Based on Triangular Self-Convolution Window," in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 16-26, Feb. 2015.

NAYAK, Pravati, et al. “Comparative study of harmonics estimation in micro grid using adaptive extended Kalman filter” in Electrical, Electronics, and Optimization Techniques (ICEEOT), International Conference on IEEE, p. 434-438, 2016.

Paraskevas, I., Prekas, K., Potirakis, S. M. y Rangoussi, M. “On the use of time-frequency distributions for the power quality problem of harmonics,” pp. 122-122, 2010.

Jain, S. K. y Singh, S. N. “Low-order dominant harmonic estimation using adaptive wavelet neural network,” in IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 61, no 1, pp. 428-435, 2014.

J. Xiao, L. Bai, F. Li, H. Liang y C. Wang, "Sizing of Energy Storage and Diesel Generators in an Isolated Microgrid Using Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT)," in IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 907-916, July 2014.

P. D. Achlerkar, S. R. Samantaray y M. S. Manikandan, "Variational Mode Decomposition and Decision Tree Based Detection and Classification of PowerQuality Disturbances in Grid-Connected Distributed Generation System," in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. PP, no. 99, pp. 1-1, 2016.

S. R. Mohanty, N. Kishor, P. K. Ray y J. P. S. Catalo, "Comparative Study of Advanced Signal Processing Techniques for Islanding Detection in a Hybrid Distributed Generation System," in IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 122-131, Jan. 2015.

P. K. Ray, N. Kishor y S. R. Mohanty, "Islanding and Power Quality Disturbance Detection in Grid-Connected Hybrid Power System Using Wavelet and S-Transform," in IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 1082-1094, Sept. 2012.

A. E. Saldaña, E. Barocio, A. R. Messina, J. J. Ramos, Juan Segundo y G. A. Tinajero, “Monitoring Harmonic Distortion in Microgrids using Dynamic Mode Decomposition” in IEEE General Meeting, Chicago, Illinois, 2017.

J. A. de la O Serna, J. M. Ramirez, A. Zamora Mendez y M. R. A. Paternina, "Identification of Electromechanical Modes Based on the Digital Taylor-Fourier Transform," in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 206-215, Jan. 2016.

Platas-Garza, M. A. y de la O Serna, J. A. “Polynomial implementation of the Taylor–Fourier transform for harmonic analysis,” in IEEE Transactions on instrumentation and measurement, vol. 63, no 12, pp. 2846-2854, 2014.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.